The collegiate in Dobre Miasto was erected in 1341 on the initiative of Bishop Herman of Prague. The collegiate church was erected on the site of the older parish church between 1357 and 1396, when bishop Henry Sorbom founded canon stalls. The southern wing of the collegiate complex was also built, then the western wing, closing the irregular quadrilateral with the so-called bishop’s house and an eastern gate. At the latest, at the beginning of the 16th century, the construction of the church tower was completed.
In 1414, collegiate was ravaged during invasion of Polish troops, and in 1521 it survived the occupation of the forces of the Grand Master Albrecht Hohenzollern. As a result of a lightning strike in 1716, the fire destroyed the tower. In 1719, an accidental fire destroyed the western part of the collegiate buildings. At that time, a large part of the rooms was rebuilt to a large extent. The most visible reconstruction of the building took place in the nineties of the nineteenth century when the roof of the church was repaired, the clock turret was renovated, the tower was raised by one storey and covered with a gable roof. World War II the collegiate survived without major damages.
Collegiate buildings constitute a compact quadrangle, slightly widening towards the west. The northern part is occupied by the church, from the west and south there are canon buildings with adjacent cloisters, from the east the former bishops’ house, the sacristy and the gate towards the town. The second gate, called Mill Gate, is located in the southern wing.
In the chapter’s buildings there were canons’ apartments, initially single-chamber, similar to monastic cells. They were preceded by tiny rooms for the servant boys. In the south wing there was a refectory (covered with a diamond vault in 1515), and in the west wing, next to the church tower, there was a treasury, library and archive.
The church with external dimensions of approximately 61,5 × 25,5 meters has the form of a three-aisle hall without a separate chancel. The height is 18 meters to the vault. On the western side, a tall, four-sided tower was added. The eastern gable of the church is decorated with numerous pinnacles and pilaster strips. The huge interior is divided into three aisles, thanks to rows of pillars connected by seven arcades on the left and on the right side of the nave. The nave is crowned with a stellar vault.
The architecture of the collegiate complex underwent numerous changes, but fortunately they did not change the Gothic shape. Collegiate church is the second largest temple of Warmia and one of the most valuable monuments of the region. It still has liturgical functions, it is also open to visitors. From late Gothic equipment one can mention the Saint Mary’s Triptych from around 1430 and Saint Anna’s Triptych from around 1500. Numerous elements of Gothic choir stalls were used during the modernization of church equipment in the mannerist style (partitions and side walls, parts of the backrests, steps in the shape of carved lions).
Kościoły i kaplice archidiecezji warmińskiej, tom 1, red. B.Magdziarz, Olsztyn 1999.
Rzempołuch A., Kościoły na Warmii, Mazurach i Powiślu, Olsztyn 1991.
Rzempołuch A., Przewodnik po zabytkach sztuki dawnych Prus Wschodnich, Olsztyn 1992.
Webpage wikipedia.org, Bazylika Najświętszego Zbawiciela i Wszystkich Świętych w Dobrym Mieście.