Dobre Miasto – collegiate church

History

   The collegiate complex in Dobre Miasto was erected between 1357 and 1395. First, the southern wing of the collegiate complex was built, then the church and the west wing, closing the irregular quadrangle by the so-called episcopal house with an eastern gate. At the latest, because until the beginning of the sixteenth century, the construction of the church tower was prolonged. In 1414, collegiate fell victim to the invasion of Polish troops to Warmia, and in 1521, survived the occupation of the forces of the Grand Master Albrecht Hohenzollern. As a result of a lightning strike in 1716, the fire destroyed the clock tower. In 1719, an accidental fire destroyed the western part of the collegiate buildings. At that time, a large part of the rooms was rebuilt to a large extent. The most visible reconstruction of the building took place in the nineties of the nineteenth century when the roof of the church was repaired, the clock turret was renovated, the tower was raised by one storey and covered with a gable roof. During World War II, the collegiate miraculously survived without major damages.

Architecture

   Collegiate buildings constitute a compact quadrangle, slightly widening towards the west. The northern part is occupied by the church, from the west and south there are canon buildings, from the east the remains of the former bishops’ house, the sacristy and the gate towards the city. The second gate, called Mill, is located in the southern wing.
    
The church with external dimensions of approximately 61,5 × 25,5 meters has the form of a three-nave hall without a separate chancel. The height is 18 meters to the vault. On the western side, a tall, four-sided tower is added. The eastern gable of the church is decorated with numerous pinnacles and pilaster strips. The huge interior is divided into three aisles, thanks to rows of pillars connected by seven spans on the left and on the right side of the nave. The nave is crowned with a stellar vault. From late gothic equipment one can mention the Saint Mary’s Triptych from around 1430 and Saint Anna’s Triptych from around 1500.

Current state

   The architecture of the collegiate complex underwent numerous changes, but fortunately they did not change the gothic shape. Collegiate church is the second largest temple of Warmia and one of the most valuable monuments of the region. It still has liturgical functions, it is also open to visitors.

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bibliography:
Webpage wikipedia.org, Bazylika Najświętszego Zbawiciela i Wszystkich Świętych w Dobrym Mieście.