Dobiegniew – city defensive walls

History

Dobigniew in 1250 was granted by the prince of Wielkopolska, Przemysł I, to the Cistercian monastery in Owińska. Although in 1296 it became the possession of the margraves of Brandenburg, the Cistercian sisters had a long-lasting influence on the town’s affairs and it was their efforts that the market settlement was transformed in the 13th century into a regularly laid out town. The city walls in Dobiegniew were built in the first half of the 14th century on the site of earlier wood and earth ramparts. In 1433, the invasion of the Hussite army had to be resisted, and walls were also severely damaged during the Thirty Years’ War. In early modern times, since the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, fortifications due to their unsuitability, in connection with the development of artillery, began to dismantled.

Architecture

The defensive walls received a shape in the plan of an irregular hexagon. It were erected from gothic brick in the monk bond, joined with lime mortar, on a stone foundation and a pedestal. It were strengthened by 37 half towers, located on each side, except for the northern part, adjacent to the lake. In addition, in the south-west corner there was a tower built on a quadrilateral plan, transforming into a cylindrical superstructure. The half towers were erected on a rectangular plan, divided into storeys and had brick staircases. The tower which has survived to this day, has a height of 8 meters, arrowslits on two levels and two shooting holes on the southern wall. In the length of the entire wall there were two gates: Upper (High) from the west and Lower (Bottom) from the east and two wickets: Water, facilitating access to the lake and Mill located on the river.

Current state

The best element of fortifications preserved to this day is the half tower at the junction of Zabytkowa and Wyszyński streets. Recently it has been renovated, the façades have been cleaned and cavities have been supplemented.

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bibliography:
Pilch.J, Kowalski S., Leksykon zabytków Pomorza Zachodniego i ziemi lubuskiej, Warszawa 2012.

Webpage zabytek.pl, baszta z fragmentem murów obronnych Dobiegniew.