Długie – St James Church

History

   The church St. James was built in the last quarter of the 13th century, and in 1318 a certain Konrad was mentioned in written sources, the priest “in Henrici villa”. In the fifteenth century, it was enlarged with a tower and a porch, and vaulted. At the beginning of the sixteenth century, it passed into the hands of Evangelicals, as the majority of the village residents were Protestants. In 1654, the church was again taken under the protection of Catholics. Due to the lack of the congregation, it fell into disrepair, finally being destroyed in 1856 due to a fire.

Architecture

   The church was built at the eastern end of the village, south of the main road, using erratic stones as building material. Originally it was a building consisting of a single nave on a rectangular plan measuring 11.7 x 12 meters, a shorter and narrower chancel measuring 7.4 x 7.6 meters, ended with a straight wall from the east and a four-sided, irregular sacristy added to the chancel from the south. The interior was originally illuminated by narrow and short ogival windows, two in the southern wall of the nave and one in the northern part of the presbytery. In addition, in the eastern wall of the presbytery a tall and very narrow lancet window was pierced. They were all spalyed from outside and inside. The entrance was in the west facade, in a simple, stepped portal. A second portal led from the presbytery to the sacristy. The presbytery was covered with a wooden barrel vault, while the sacristy was covered with a stone barrel vault.
   In the fifteenth century, a massive, four-sided tower was added on the west side, reinforced in two corners with buttresses. At the same time, a porch was added from the north, which led to a new entrance to the nave. Perhaps then the walls of the church were covered with polychromes. Then, inside the church, brick semi-pillars were erected by the longitudinal walls, on which the vaults were placed in place of the ceiling and wooden barrel vault. The chancel arch was also raised and the windows partly walled up.

Current state

   Today the church is in a state of ruin with preserved but damaged walls in the upper parts and window openings transformed in the early modern period. The vault over the sacristy also partly has survived. In 2011, a stone cross was discovered in the western part of the church wall from the inside.

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bibliography:
Kozaczewski T., Wiejskie kościoły parafialne XIII wieku na Śląsku (miejscowości B-G), Wrocław 1990.

Pilch J., Kowalski S., Leksykon zabytków Pomorza Zachodniego i ziemi lubuskiej, Warszawa 2012.