Czocha – castle

History

   The construction of the Czocha castle took place in the mid-13th century, thanks to the Czech king Wenceslaus I of Przemyślids, or as other sources claim at the beginning of the 14th century thanks to the initiative of the dukes of Świdnica and Jawor. In 1346, after the death of prince Henry I Jaworski, the castle became the fiefdom of the Czech Kingdom. The owners were among others Dohns, Dobschütz and Nostitz. At the beginning of the fifteenth century it was unsuccessfully besieged by the Hussites, eventually in 1427 it was captured by the Czirnin unit in the absence of the owners, and recaptured shortly thereafter. In the 16th century, the renaissance rebuilding was made, the fortifications were modernized, and the bastions were added. Another reconstruction took place in the seventeenth century, however, in 1793 the castle burnt down. Around 1910, the new owner Ernst von Gutschow commissioned architect Bodo Ebhardt to rebuild. It gave the building the character of a romantic, gothic-renaissance castle.

Architecture

   The oldest part of the castle was probably a quadrangular stone building placed on the riverside promontory with a round tower in the north-west corner and a gate from the west. From this side, outer bailey was located behind the moat. An important change in appearance was brought about by the reconstruction of the 16th century. An additional line of external walls was added with low towers on the plan of the horseshoe.

Current state

   Among the buildings, superstructures and gables being the effect of the nineteenth-century vision of the Middle Ages, you can see the original elements of the gothic castle. Especially the north-west tower, which is enclosed with buildings, the former eastern dwelling house or low towers. Today, the castle is open to visitors, it also functions as a hotel and conference center. There are also demonstrations of knight’s fights or concerts of early music. The tour takes place in groups from 10.00 to 17.15.

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bibliography:
Leksykon zamków w Polsce, L.Kajzer, S.Kołodziejski, J.Salm, Warszawa 2003.
Przyłęcki M., Budowle i zespoły obronne na Śląsku, Warszawa 1998.