Czchów – castle

History

The castle was erected at the turn of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The first mention about the stronghold comes from 1356 and refers about the burgrave of Czchów, Imram. The castle certainly protected the customs chamber over the Dunajec river, mentioned in written sources from 1327. It was an important trade route for goods imported from Hungary. The later history of the building is not well known. In the eighteenth century, it was already in ruin, although royal auditors still considered the possibility of its reconstruction.

Architecture

The castle was built of sandstone, it consisted of a perimeter wall 1,2 to 2 meters thick, running along the edges of the hill and creating an irregular polygon. In the southern part of the site, a free-standing, cylindrical tower with a diameter of approximately 12,5 meters and a height of about 20 meters was erected. It was a typical example of bergfried tower. The residential building was located at north-east curtain of the castle. It was a one-bay house with the dimensions of 9,6×21 meters, divided into two rooms. From the south adjoined it a rectangular hall in which the gothic portal was discovered. The gatehouse was in the north-west part of the complex.

Current state

The castle tower and fragments of the walls have been preserved. Thanks to the recent renovations in the restored tower is now a lookout point. It is open in hours: 10.00-17.00, in July and August from 10.00-18.00, in October only on Saturday and Sunday from 10.00 – 16.00.

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bibliography:
Krasnowolski B., Leksykon zabytków architektury Małopolski, Warszawa 2013.
Leksykon zamków w Polsce, L.Kajzer, S.Kołodziejski, J.Salm, Warszawa 2003.
Moskal, K. Zamki w dziejach Polski i Słowacji, Nowy Sącz 2004.