Cisowo – St Stanislaus’ Church

History

   The first church in Cisowo (Zizow) could have been built at the end of the 13th century or in the first quarter of the 14th century, most probably on the initiative of the Cistercians. The Gothic brick building was erected in the second half of the 15th century. In the 1860s, a chapel was added to the medieval building.

Architecture

   The church was built as a Gothic aisleless building, erected of bricks on a stone foundation that protected against moisture of the ground. Its presbytery was not separated from the nave, and the nave was ended on three sides in the east. On the west side there was a massive tower built with severe facades, pierced only with small openings and an entrance portal in the ground floor. Its appearance evoked strong associations with defensive structures. There was also a four-sided, 15th-century sacristy attached to the nave, located quite unusually at one of the oblique walls of the nave. The walls of the church, with the exception of the tower and the sacristy, were supported by buttresses. Together with the large width of the nave, they showed the planned building of vaults. During the construction of the nave, supports were prepared for them, with the intention of inserting probably three pairs of pillars inside and then the vaults on them. Ultimately, however, only the sacristy was vaulted.

Current state

   The Gothic, 15th-century layout of the church was disturbed by the addition of a neo-Gothic annex on the southern side, the creation of which resulted not only in partial covering of the medieval nave, but also in the necessity to demolish a fragment of the southern wall. Moreover, all the windows of the nave were transformed. The original openings have been preserved in the tower, perhaps modeled on the tower of the parish church in Darłowo. Inside the church, a stoup from the 14th century has been preserved.

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bibliography :
Böttger L., Die Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler des Regierungs – Bezirks Kösslin, Band I, Heft 3, Stettin 1892.

Ober M., Gotyckie kościoły wiejskie okolic Darłowa [w:] Historia i kultura Ziemi Sławieńskiej, tom VI, Gmina Darłowo, red. W.Rączkowski, J.Sroka, Sławno 2007.