Choszczno – church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary

History

The church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Choszczno was built by the Knights Hospitaller in the first half of the 14th century on the site of an earlier, granite church from the 13th century. The construction completion date remains unknown, however the document from 1350 refers to the foundation for the church of the new altar. Therefore, it should be assumed that the construction of the chancel and the nave was completed at this time. At the same time, the now-defunct sacristy was built, adjacent to the northern wall of the choir. The church tower was built on plinths of the first church. Its construction was completed around 1400. The church has been destroyed many times by fires and military operations, including the last time during the Second World War. From 1956 reconstruction works began, which restored the original gothic appearance to the temple.

Architecture

The present shape of the temple consists of three basic parts, namely a three-nave, four-span, hall structure founded on a plan similar to a square, a four-span, lower and elongated, polygonal ended from the east chancel and a four-sided western tower with five floorsAn interesting solution is the western corners of the naves, accented by protruding turrets, housing staircases. From the south the sacristy was added to the chancel. The entire church is covered with a gable roof. The interior of the church is covered with a brick vault, which rests on octagonal pillars. In the naves there is a stellar vault, similar was placed in the chancel. In the sacristy, there is a cross vault, and on the organ matroneum barrel vault. Unfortunately, there is no vault in the tower. The oldest monuments inside the church include epitaph from the fifteenth century and the most valuable monument of the Parish church – “The Tree of Jesse” from the fourteenth century.

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bibliography:
Pilch.J, Kowalski S., Leksykon zabytków Pomorza Zachodniego i ziemi lubuskiej, Warszawa 2012.