Chojnów – city defensive walls

History

   The defensive walls in Chojnów were probably built in the middle of the 14th century. Despite it, in 1428, the town was destroyed by the Hussites. Renovated and expanded in the mid-15th century, defensive walls have not constituted sufficiently obstacle for the regular army besieging the town since the 16th century. After a fire in the town in 1767, part of the walls were pulled down to obtain building material, further demolition was also carried out in the 19th century.

Architecture

   Basalt stones were used to build fortifications, excavated in a quarry located in the south-eastern part of the town. The ring wall line was reinforced with towers and protected by a deep moat, filled with water. Two gates led to the town: Upper – Bolesławiecka and Lower – Legnicka, and two wicket gates: South – Łaziebna and North. In the fifteenth century fortifications were renovated, strengthening their defenses by the addition of cylindrical half towers, enabling flank defense.
   The Weavers Tower was built as part of the town walls ring around 1400 in the northern part of the town. It was erected in a gothic style, made of red brick, on a square plan. It received the renaissance attic at the height of 15 meters in the sixteenth century.

Current state

   To this day, only a few fragments of fortifications have been preserved. The most magnificent of them is the Weavers Tower and a fragment of walls, preserved in its original height, connected with the so-called “House of Executioner”.

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bibliography:
Pilch J., Leksykon zabytków architektury Dolnego Śląska, Warszawa 2005.

Przyłęcki M., Mury obronne miast Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław 1970.