Chojnów – city defensive walls

History

   The defensive walls in Chojnów were probably built in the first half of the 14th century, as they were first recorded in 1357. Despite it, in 1428, the town was destroyed by the Hussites. Renovated and expanded in the mid-15th century, defensive walls have not constituted sufficiently obstacle for the regular army besieging the town since the 16th century. After a fire in the town in 1767, part of the walls were pulled down to obtain building material, further demolition was also carried out in the 19th century.

Architecture

   Basalt stones were used to build the fortifications, mined in a quarry located in the south-eastern part of the town. The walls had the shape of an oval, elongated on the east-west line, touching the castle in the south-west corner. They were topped with a wall-walk for defenders and a breastwork with battlements. The ring of the walls was strengthened from the fifteenth century with a few half towers and protected by a deep moat that preceded it, filled with water. In the northern part of the town the Weavers’ Tower was located, built in the Gothic style of red bricks, on a square plan. Two gates led to the city: Upper – Bolesławiecka and Lower – Legnicka, and two wicket gates: southern – Bath Gate and northern one.

Current state

   To this day, a few fragments of the fortifications at Królowej Jadwigi Street and at Chmielna Street have survived. The most impressive preserved element of the fortifications is the Weavers Tower and the fragment of the walls connected with the so-called “The Executioner’s House” at Grotgerra Street.

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bibliography:
Pilch J., Leksykon zabytków architektury Dolnego Śląska, Warszawa 2005.

Przyłęcki M., Mury obronne miast Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław 1970.
Webpage chojnow.pl, Mury miejskie i Dom Kata.