Bukowo Morskie – Cistercian church

History

The church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in Bukowo Morskie was founded on the initiative of the Cistercian Order at the turn of the 13th and 14th centuries, probably as part of a now-defunct monastery complex. In 1248, the Pomeranian prince Świętopełk offered villages of Boryszewo and Przystawa to the Cistercians from Dargun in Mecklenburg, and in 1252 he extended the donation by new villages, including Bukowo. It is known that the first Cistercians stayed in Bukowo already in 1262. The abbey in Bukowo existed until 1535, when it was dissolved due to the ongoing Reformation. Since then, the church served as a parish temple.

Architecture

The church represents the gothic style, it is three-nave, in a hall layout, with a four-span corpus and a five-sided, one-nave chancel. To the naves from the west side adjacent the tower, and from the north side a small sacristy. The oldest are the perimeter walls of the presbytery and the naves, in the mid-15th century the church was covered with vaults, and at the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries a tower and sacristy were built. Outside, the church is surrounded with buttresses and covered with gable roofs, which are separated by a triangular gable with pinnacles. The tower has three floors with a porch in the ground floor, it is covered with a pyramidal tower. Three gothic portals leading to the interior have survived: from the west, north and south, the latter is decorated with a profiled bricks. The walls inside the church are divided by arcades. The presbytery and the central nave are topped with stellar vaults, while in the aisles the rib vault was used. Inside the church there is a late gothic triptych, an epitaph and a renaissance pulpit from the 17th century.

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bibliography:
Architektura gotycka w Polsce, red. T. Mroczko i M. Arszyński, Warszawa 1995.
Pilch.J, Kowalski S., Leksykon zabytków Pomorza Zachodniego i ziemi lubuskiej, Warszawa 2012.

Webpage zabytkowekoscioly.net, Bukowo Morskie, kościół Panny Marii, dawny cystersów.