Bukowo Morskie – Cistercian church

History

   The church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in Bukowo Morskie was founded on the initiative of the Cistercian Order probably in the first half of the fourteenth century, presumably as part of a now-defunct monastery complex. In 1248, the Pomeranian prince Świętopełk offered villages of Boryszewo and Przystawa to the Cistercians from Dargun in Mecklenburg, and in 1252 he extended the donation by new villages, including Bukowo. It is known that the first Cistercians stayed in Bukowo already in 1262. Although the monastery was endowed with extensive goods, it was not possible immediately to start erecting permanent buildings, because these properties were mostly settlements that required development. The abbey in Bukowo existed until 1535, when it was dissolved due to the ongoing Reformation. Since then, the church served as a parish temple.

Architecture

   The church was erected as a modest (as for monastic temples) building, however not devoid of higher artistic aspirations. It was a three-nave structure, in a hall layout, with a four-span corpus and a five-sided, one-nave chancel. At the end of the fifteenth century, a tower was placed on the western side of the temple and a small sacristy on the north side. In the central nave, spans close to the square were used, and in slightly narrower aisles, rectangular, while the western spans are clearly longer than the others. Outside, the church was reinforced with buttresses and covered with gable roofs, which were separated by a triangular gable with pinnacles. The tower received three floors with a porch in the grund floor. Originally, the ground floor was open with arcades forming a passage on the north-south axis. Tower is covered with a pyramidal helmet.
   Three gothic portals leading to the interior have survived: from the west, north and south, the latter is decorated with a profiled fitting. The walls inside the church are pierced by arcades. The presbytery and central nave were topped with stellar vaults in the fifteenth century, while in the aisles there was a cross-ribbed vault (in the western span enriched with a transverse rib), based on square pillars with rounded corners. The presbytery received a strongly separated space, twice as wide as the width of the nave and the chancel arch. Inside the church there is a late gothic triptych, an epitaph and a renaissance pulpit from the 17th century.

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bibliography:
Architektura gotycka w Polsce, red. T. Mroczko i M. Arszyński, Warszawa 1995.
Jarzewicz J., Architektura średniowieczna Pomorza Zachodniego, Poznań 2019.
Pilch J., Kowalski S., Leksykon zabytków Pomorza Zachodniego i ziemi lubuskiej, Warszawa 2012.

Webpage zabytkowekoscioly.net, Bukowo Morskie, kościół Panny Marii, dawny cystersów.