Buk – St Anthony’s Church

History

   The church of St. Anthony of Padua in Buk was built in the second half of the 13th century. In the sixteenth century it was rebuilt and enlarged by a tower. After 1534 it was taken over by Evangelicals, and in 1848 it was renovated. Its shape did not suffer during World War II and has survived to our times without major modifications.

Architecture

   The church was built of granite cubes on a rectangular plan without a separate chancel and tower. Originally, the main entrance to it led through the pointed portal, pierced in the western gable wall. In the 16th century, a tower was built, and a porch was created under it, separating it from the rest of the church with a high, brick wall. The nave of the building was covered with a gable roof, from which the runoff rainwater was drained by a stone gutter.
   The interior of the church, covered with a wooden ceiling, was illuminated by six narrow, pointed windows in the southern wall and three in the eastern wall. The northern wall of the nave has not been pierced with any openings. It is one of the few churches in Pomerania with such a solution, although it was a procedure often found in the medieval building tradition. This custom was undoubtedly of practical importance, because from this side one could get the most sunlight. Perhaps this practice also had an ideological basis, resulting from medieval mysticism, which reserved the north side for evil powers, from which you had to separate.

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bibliography:
Pilch J., Kowalski S., Leksykon zabytków Pomorza Zachodniego i ziemi lubuskiej, Warszawa 2012.

Webpage wikipedia.org, Kościół św. Antoniego Padewskiego w Buku.