Borysławice Zamkowe – castle

History

   The rise of the castle is connected with Wojciech Jastrzębiec, the Poznań and Kraków bishop and the archbishop of Gniezno, who built it around 1425. Bishop’s successors expanded it in the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. The next owners – Rusocki and Szczawińscy did not change the shape of the castle. It was destroyed in the seventeenth century during the Swedish wars and was never rebuilt.

Architecture

   The castle was built on a clump among wetlands on the Rgilewka River, which protected it from the north and west. It was built during four stages. First, a regular complex was made on a rectangular plan with dimensions of 21×25 meters, consisting of defensive walls, two houses located opposite each other and reinforced with corner buttresses, a courtyard between them and a gate opening from the west. A polygonal turret was placed in the southern corner.
  
In the second, still fifteenth-century phase, the castle was surrounded by an external perimeter wall (38×41 meters), thanks to which a zwinger with a width of 7 meters was created. In the western part, a building or a gate tower was erected, protruding beyond the line of the new defensive circuit. In this initial phase the castle presented quite a typical two-building scheme for Wielkopolska region, found in private and episcopal castles, for example in Sieraków, Łowicz or Gosławice.
   In the third phase, at the end of the fifteenth or the beginning of the 16th century, the gate was extended by adding a low foregate, and a three-storey, four-sided tower decorated with blendes, was erected over the former gate. In the last phase in north-east part of the zwinger a new building protruding beyond the curtain wall was added. In the 17th century, a one-room house was built in front of the gate in the courtyard.

Current state

   Today, the ruin of the castle and the haughty mass of the brick gate tower are visible. Unfortunately, the outer perimeter of the defensive walls has faded. The monument is in private hands and surrounded by an irrigated moat, which makes sightseeing difficult.

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bibliography:
Leksykon zamków w Polsce, L.Kajzer, S.Kołodziejski, J.Salm, Warszawa 2003.
Kajzer L. Zamki i dwory obronne w Polsce centralnej, Warszawa 2004.
Olejniczak K., Grody i zamki w Wielkopolsce, Poznań 1993.