Borkowo – megalithic cemetery

History

   The megalithic cemetery in Borkowo was built in the Neolithic period about 5,000 years ago. The megalithic builders belonged to the Funnelbeaker culture. The basis for their maintenance was the breeding of domestic animals and primitive agriculture. Food resources were supplemented with gathering, hunting and fishing. In everyday life, they used tools from flint, stone, bone, horn and wood; they had excellent skill in making clay dishes, richly decorated, and weaving was also developed. Settlements were established on sandy terraces near water, building wooden rectangular or square houses. The tomb was built for an exceptional deceased, a leader or a priest. It could also be a place of worship. The ashes of the deceased were placed in the dolmen many times, cleaning the previous burials under the walls of the chamber.

Architecture

   The passage tomb was built of 12 stone blocks covered with four successive boulders, measuring 5,5 x 1,5 meters. It was originally covered with a mound of earth. In addition in the cemetery, there are 3 unchambered long barrows in the shape of a rectangle and 5 tumulis (mounds).

Current state

   The tomb in Borkowo is the only passage-type burial chamber tomb in Poland and to the east of the Elbe. Its core, forming a stone burial chamber, has been preserved, while the earth layer making up the mound has been dispersed. Admission to the monument is free.

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