Borkowo – megalithic cemetery

History

In the village of Borkowo in the Sławieński powiat in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship, there is a megalithic cemetery from the Neolithic period from 5,000 years ago. There is the only corridor-type tomb in the territory of Poland and east of the Elbe. Megalith builders are included in the Funnelbeaker culture. The basis for their maintenance was the breeding of domestic animals and primitive agriculture. Food resources were supplemented with gathering, hunting and fishing. In everyday life, they used tools from flint, stone, bone, horn and wood; they had excellent skill in making clay dishes, richly decorated, and weaving was also developed. Settlements were established on sandy terraces near water, building wooden rectangular or square houses. The tomb was built for an exceptional deceased, a leader or a priest. It could also be a place of worship. The ashes of the deceased were placed in the dolmen many times, cleaning the previous burials under the walls of the chamber.

Architecture

The corridor tomb was built of 12 stone blocks covered with four successive boulders, measuring 5,5 x 1,5 meters. In addition in the cemetery, there are 3 unchambered long barrows in the shape of a rectangle and 5 tumulis (mounds).

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