Besiekiery – castle

History

The construction of the castle connects with the Brzeg stolnik Nicholas Sokołowski at the end of the 15th or the beginning of the 16th century. At the end of the sixteenth century, the building belonged to Andrzej Batory, and in the mid-seventeenth century, it was renovated and rebuilt by the voivode of Brzeg-Kujawy, Jan Szymon Szczawiński. Unfortunately, from the seventeenth to the eighteenth century, the inventories record a progressive fall of the castle, accelerated by a fire in 1731, and then dismantled the upper floor. Still in the 19th century, the thatched house served as an economic house.

Architecture

The castle was a late-gothic building, consisting of defensive walls, a house and a gate tower, built of brick on a stone foundation. The whole quadrilateral measured 38×40 m. The main castle house had as many as three residential levels, four rooms each. In the mid-seventeenth century, the walls were covered with plaster, in the southern part next to the tower, two new buildings were added, and from the eastern and western curtain walls – cloisters. These reconstructions blurred the late-gothic severity of the castle complex.

Current state

The castle is preserved in the form of a ruin surrounded by an irrigated moat. The full circumference of the walls and the ruin of the main castle house with marked internal divisions and a fragment of the gatehouse, which is about 18 meters high, are visible. After carrying out conservation activities, the castle is open to the public. Entrance is free.

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bibliography:
Guerquin B., Zamki w Polsce, Warszawa 1984.
Leksykon zamków w Polsce, L.Kajzer, S.Kołodziejski, J.Salm, Warszawa 2003.
Kajzer L. Zamki i dwory obronne w Polsce centralnej, Warszawa 2004.