Barczewo – church of St Anne and St Stephen

History

   The church of St. Anne and St. Stephen in Barczewo was built in the first half of the 14th century, and at the end of the 15th century, a tower was added. The earliest mention of its parish priest, Henricus, is from 1337. The building was repeatedly damaged by fires, including in 1414, during the Thirteen Years’ War and in 1544. During the reconstruction undertaken after the last one, elaborate net, diamond and stellar vaults were placed above the naves. Renovations were also carried out after the fires in the 17th and at the end of the 18th century. In 1894, the temple was enlarged by a small, neo-gothic chancel. During World War II, the building suffered damages, but the renovation work was completed until 1962. In 1988-1989 the interior of the church was renovated.

Architecture

   The church was built as a brick, Gothic building orientated towards the sides of the world, without a separate presbytery. Originally, it consisted of a rectangular nave with three aisles and five bays in length, a shallow southern porch, a two-bay sacristy on the north side and a lofty tower on the west side. The seven-storey tower was decorated with blendes and, like the nave, reinforced with buttresses. There are cornices under the eaves of the roof and under the pointed windows, and a plastered frieze above the windows.
   The three-aisle interior of the church was covered with three types of vaults: stellar in the sacristy and one bay of the southern aisle, net and diamond in the central nave and side aisles, and cross-rib vaults in the under-tower porch and in the southern porch. The vault in the nave was supported by four pairs of octagonal pillars.

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bibliography:
Grzybkowski A., Gotycka architektura murowana w Polsce, Warszawa 2016.
Kościoły i kaplice archidiecezji warmińskiej, tom 1, red. B.Magdziarz, Olsztyn 1999.
Rzempołuch A., Przewodnik po zabytkach sztuki dawnych Prus Wschodnich, Olsztyn 1992.

Webpage Leksykon kultury Warmii i Mazur, Kościół pw. św. Anny i św. Szczepana w Barczewie.