Baranów Sandomierski – castle

History

The first, now non-existent castle, was built in the fifteenth century from the foundation of Jakub, the Grzymała coat of arms and most probably had the form of a stone residential and defense tower. Its relics were discovered in the courtyard of today’s castle. Around 1569, it was pulled down by one of the subsequent owners – Rafał Leszczyński. It erected a renaissance defensive court, now embedded in the west wing of the complex, which has survived to our times. The extension of the manor took place in the years 1591-1606 according to the design of Santi Gucci, at the time when the owner was the voivode of Brzeg-Kujawy, Andrzej Leszczyński. In this form, the castle successfully survived the period of the Swedish invasion in 1655. Another expansion was carried out around 1695 according to the design of Tylman of Gameren, replacing the interior design, crowning the towers and introducing bastion strengthening, which replaced the curtain walls. However, at the end of the 18th century, the Baranów fortifications lost importance, and the fortifications were demolished in the first half of the 19th century.

Architecture

The oldest, medieval castle had the form of a stone residential and defense tower. The renaissance fortified manor was built on a rectangular plan and had two or four alcove towers located in the corners. During the reconstruction from the end of the 16th century, the beginning of the 17th century, northern and eastern wings were added to the existing castle, closing the courtyard with a wall and an avant-corps from the south. The eastern wing was supplemented with corner towers for regularity, and the interior was surrounded by cloisters. The outer bailey was also reinforced with the now defunct curtain wall.

Current state

The castle in its present shape is one of the best-preserved renaissance objects in Poland, often because of the similarity known as the “Little Wawel”. The relics of the 15-16th century castle are hidden in the western wing of the complex, distinguished by thicker walls, a different combination of towers with walls and a more modest decoration of window portals. The castle is open to visitors from November 1 to March 31 in the chair. 9.00 – 18.00, from 1 April to 30 September from 9.00 – 18.00, and in October at 9.00 – 17.00.

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bibliography:
Leksykon zamków w Polsce, L.Kajzer, S.Kołodziejski, J.Salm, Warszawa 2003.
Sypek A., Sypek.R., Zamki i obiekty warowne ziemi sandomierskiej, Warszawa 2003.