Banie – St George’s Chapel

History

   Chapel of St. George in Banie was built in 1417 by the Knights Hospitallers. Initially, it served as a shelter for the sick and lepers, and since the Reformation it was a temple for Catholics. In the fifteenth century, the passion mysteries were exhibited at the chapel, which organization was discontinued in 1498 in relation with the murder of the actors. The actor playing Longinus pierced the heart of the background actor hanging on the cross, then died himself at the hands of another actor. After this accident, the church court forbade the issuing of passionate mysteries. Chapel destroyed during World War II, fell into disrepair. It was rebuilt in 1997-1998.

Architecture

   The Gothic chapel is an aisleless structure orientated towards the sides of the world, built on a rectangular plan with a three-side ended eastern part. Its walls are made of granite squares, erratic stones and bricks. The external elevations were reinforced from the outside with buttresses. The entrances were placed in two profiled portals: the western one with a mildly ogival arch and the northern one, also pointed and additionally equipped with a gable. In the three-sided closure and in the southern and northern walls, pointed windows were pierced, and an additional small opening from the west provided light to the attic. The whole building was covered with a gable roof, multi-slope above the eastern part.

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bibliography:
Webpage gryfino.powiat.pl, Kaplica św. Jerzego w Baniach.
Webpage wikipedia.org, Kaplica św. Jerzego w Baniach.