Valmiera – St Simon’s Church

History

The church of St. Simon in Valmiera was erected in the 13th century, probably its construction began around 1283. In the fourteenth century, a gothic tower was added from the west. The church suffered during the Livonian War in the second half of the 16th century and during the Polish-Swedish wars at the beginning of the 17th century. Renovation, but also the introduction of baroque elements occurred in the mid-seventeenth century. In 1702, during the Great Northern War, Russian soldiers burned half of the city, including the church of St. Simon. Due to the post-war impoverishment, the temple was not rebuilt for a long time, in addition, its situation was aggravated by further fires, among others in 1738 as a result of a lightning strike. A great renovation was carried out in 1908 to commemorate the 625th anniversary of the building’s existence.

Architecture

It is not certain whether the temple at the time of creation was already a basilica, or the present appearance obtained only as a result of the fourteenth-fifteenth century reconstruction. It is an orientated, three-nave church with a polygonal ended chancel and a tower from the west.

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