Tērvete – order castle Hofzumberge

History

The castle was erected in the 14th century by the Livonian branch of the Teutonic Order to protect against military expeditions of Lithuanians. The German name of stronghold referred to the former Semigallian hillfort that existed nearby. The castle was directly subordinated to the Dobele commandry. In 1596 in the castle, the sons of Gotthard Kettler, Wilhelm and Frederick, concluded an agreement sharing the principality of Courland and Semigallia among themselves. The castle was destroyed and abandoned during the Great Northern War in the early 18th century.

Architecture

The castle was erected on a square plan measuring 25×25 meters with 1.1 m thick defensive walls. Inside the south-eastern wall there was a residential building with basement.

Current state

Until today, one larger fragment of the castle wall has survived with visible holes on the logs supporting the ceiling and a few smaller stone relics. Nearby are the earth ramparts of Semigallian hillfort.

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bibliography:
Borowski T, Miasta, zamki i klasztory, Inflanty, Warszawa 2010.