The church of St. Bartholomew in Rujiena was erected perhaps in the second half of the 13th century. In the years 1450-1480 it underwent a thorough expansion, which gave it gothic features. Immediately after that, in 1481 it suffered damages as a result of the invasion of Ivan the Terrible. The last destructive fire of the temple took place in 1974. After ten years, thanks to the initiative of the local community, it was rebuilt.
After the 15th century reconstruction, the church obtained the form of a small, towerless basilica with a lower and smaller chancel ended by a straight wall on the eastern side. The main entrance led through a gothic, pointed portal on the west side.