Church of St. Bartholomew in Palamuse is one of the oldest temples in southern Estonia, because it was probably completed around 1234. In the second half of the sixteenth century, it was severely damaged during the Livonian War, and then rebuilt, unfortunately in the baroque style. In 1929, the vaults inside the building were reconstructed.
The church is a three-nave, orientated building, consisting of a rectangular nave and a narrower and shorter chancel, ended with a straight wall. The side walls of the nave and the corners of the chancel are reinforced with buttresses.