Maen y Bardd – burial chamber

History

   The tomb, whose Celtic name Maen y Bardd means Bard’s Stone, was built around 3500 BC on the southern slope of Tal y Fan. In its vicinity there are several standing stones and relics of round huts and fences, which indicate that these areas were intensively settled and used during the Neolithic period. This area has remained meaningful also in the Roman period, when the road from Caernarfon to the fort Canovium in Caerhun was built.

Architecture

   The rectangular burial chamber consists of four stones arranged vertically, on which a fifth, large capstone serving as the ceiling has been arranged. It has impressive dimensions of 4×2 meters and 0.7 meters thick. Today’s height of the burial chamber is 1.2 meters. The 1.1-meter-wide and 1.2-meter-wide gap could provide access to the chamber. The whole was probably covered with a stone or earth mound (cairn), however, a small amount of vestiges and the scattering of small stones in a large area currently prevents the reconstruction of its original shape.

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bibliography:
Castleden R., Neolithic Britain: New Stone Age sites of England, Scotland and Wales, London 1992.

Website ancientmonuments.uk, Maen y Bardd Burial Chamber A Scheduled Monument in Caerhun, Conwy.
Website stone-circles.org.uk, Maen y Bardd Neolithic Chambered Tomb.