Trebišov – Castle Parič

History

The castle was built in the first half of the 13th century on the initiative of the Paris komes, from whom the name of the castle comes from. In 1280, Trebišov came into the hands of Michael from the Aba family. After the war, king Charles I of Hungary leased it to the Drugeth family, but in 1387 king Sigismund of Luxembourg gave it to Stefan Perenyi. In the second half of the 15th century, Parič was taken over by bratrzyk rebels and later returned to Peranyi family. When in 1567 the Trebišov branch of the family died out, thanks to family connections, the estate again fell into the hands of the Drugeths. During the Hungarian uprisings, the Drugeths remained loyal to the Habsburgs, and in 1620 the castle fell to Gabor Bethlen’s army. It returned to Drugeth only in 1655. In 1684, Thokoly’s rebels captured the last owner of Parič, Zygmunt Drugeth, who was later beheaded in Košice. Two years later, rebels giving way before the Austrian offensive, blew the castle into the air. The later owners of the castle dismantled it, obtaining stones for the building material of the new palace.

Architecture

The castle was built on a plan similar to a circle, 30 by 36 meters. It was surrounded by a perimeter defensive wall with a height of 11 meters and a thickness ranging between 2.2 and 2.3 meters, creating a small courtyard inside. Such parameters of fortifications created safe conditions for the defenders who could move on the sidewalk in the crown of the walls. On the west side there was a gothic, two-story residential house, and opposite it, on the east side, a square tower from the 14th century. The castle was also stocked with a 4-meter deep well and on the outside, additionally protected by a moat and an outer, lower wall. In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, further buildings were added to the inside of the wall. In the south, there was an unrecognized lower castle.

Current state

Only a fragment of the brick wall and relics of the wall and the castle’s moat survived. Entrance to the area of ruin is free.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Sypek A., Sypek.R., Zamki i obiekty warowne Słowacji Wschodniej, Warszawa 2005.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.