Červený Kameň – castle

Historia

The castle was built around 1230 by queen Constance, daughter of the Hungarian king Bela III and the widow of the Czech king, Ottokar I of Bohemia. It was one of the border points of resistance against the invasion of enemies. In 1535, it became the property of the German, merchant Fugger family. On the recommendation of the then owner Anton Fugger, the stronghold was extended and additionally fortified, becoming at that time one of the most powerful and modern fortresses that could be found at the time in the Little Carpathians. From 1583 until the end of World War II, the castle was owned by the wealthy Hungarian family of Pálffy. It was during their reign that castle obtained its present shape of the renaissance-baroque residence.

Architektura

The original 13th century castle had at least one main residential tower and was surrounded by a timber and earth ramparts, and then a defensive wall. The main tower was mentioned in documents in 1271, it was located in the back of the castle, near the water tank. The residential building was attached to the inner part of the defensive wall. In addition, at least two more towers were in the front of the castle.

Current state

The castle has now lost its medieval style features. In it theres is a branch of the Slovak National Museum. Visitors can admire here, among others a rich collection of paintings, porcelain, weapons and historical furniture. In the walls of the stronghold, various temporary exhibitions and knights tournaments are often organized. In addition, the property has a castle wine bar and restaurant with a cafe.

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bibliography:
Bóna M., Plaček M., Encyklopedie slovenských hradů, Praha 2007.
Wasielewski A., Zamki i zamczyska Słowacji, Białystok 2008.