The church of St. Michael in Kihelkonna was erected around 1250 as a joint venture of the Livonian branch of the Teutonic Order and the Ösel–Wiek bishopric in order to Christianise Estonia. The church was built in a strategic location by the harbor of great importance and on the road connecting western Saarema with the rest of Estonia. Originally the church was designed to have a western tower, but after the rebellion in 1260-1261, when the church was still unfinished, the plans were abandoned. Today’s tower comes only from 1899.
The church was created in the form of a rectangular nave and a rectangular, but narrower and shorter chancel. Both the nave and the chancel were illuminated by long, narrow, labcet windows. Inside the temple there were rib vaults with carved bosses.