General term of one or several defensive elements erected directly in front of the gate of a fortified circuit, connected to it and serving to defend it. The most common form of the foregate in the medieval fortification was a extended wall with a gate, connected to the gatehouse (neck). For additional reinforcement, a defensive sidewalk with battlement, arrowslits and drawbridges were used. The development of the foregate led to its strengthening by the erecting of additional elements such as towers, barbicans and bastions, connected by the neck with the gatehouse.

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